PAGE 1 : correction exercice de voc sur la violence
PAGE 2 : correction page 2 webquest SOUTH AFRICA
PAGE 3 : correction test CE
ENRICHIR LE LEXIQUE : LA VIOLENCE ANSWERS
1) Noms : unselfishness : générosité, altruisme
Traduction des autres noms :
a) tumulte b) émeute c) frénésie d) folie, rage d) accès, éruption e)agitation, trouble f) effusion de sang g) sauvagerie
2) adjectifs : sluggish : paresseux, mou, léthargique
Traduction des autres adjectifs :
a) bruyant, chahuteur b) sauvage, violent, furieux c) agité, indiscipliné d) rude, brusque d) frénétique e)assoiffé de sang f) frénétique, effréné g) féroce, violent, acharné
3) verbes : greet : saluer, accueillir
Traduction des autres verbes :
a) éclater, exploser b) se déclencher c) bouillir (de rage) d) rager e) exploser f) éclater g) fracasser, briser, détruire h) s’emporter
4) expressions : give away : distribuer, faire cadeau de
Traduction des autres expressions :
a) perdre tout contrôle de soi-même, se déchaîner b) devenir fou furieux c) se répandre comme une traînée de poudre d) tout saccager e) voir rouge f) piquer une crise g)jeter de l’huile sur le feu h) lutter bec et ongle
Nom : outbursts
Adj : sluggish
Vb : shattered
Expr : fight tooth and nail
1) Vocabulary :
a) part : ratio b) revenu : income c) taux : rate
d) dépenses : expenditure e) un nourrisson : infant
2)Facts and Figures
Although the Whites were less numerous than the Blacks, they were far richer and also had the biggest amount of lands. If we look at incomes, we see that black families earned less than white families, about half as much actually. There were also major differences as far as health and education were concerned: there were more doctors for white people than for black people. As a consequence, black babies died more often than white babies. White people spend more money on their children's education than black people, because black people couldn't afford it, as they were poorer than the whites. This chart helps us realize what apartheid really meant for black people : less money, less education, fewer doctors. Their life was much harder than the white people's.
Rolihlala Mandela WAS born in the Transkei. At the age of seven, he BECAME the first member of his family to attend school, where he WAS GIVEN the English name "Nelson" by a Methodist teacher. At age 19, in 1934, Mandela WENT to the Wesleyan College in Fort Beaufort . Later he MOVED to Johannesburg University of South Africa (UNISA). As a young law student, Mandela WAS involved in political opposition. He JOINED the African National Congress in 1942. After the 1948 election victory of the National Party with its apartheid policy of racial segregation, Mandela BECAME prominent in the ANC. In August 1962 he WAS arrested and JAILED for five years. On June 12, 1964 he WAS sentenced again, this time to life imprisonment, for his involvement in planning armed action. Over the course of the next twenty-six years, the slogan "Free Nelson Mandela" BECAME the rallying cry for all anti-apartheid campaigners around the world. Mandela REMAINED in prison until February 1990, when sustained ANC campaigning and international pressure LED to his release on February 11 on the orders of state president F.W. de Klerk. He and de Klerk SHARED the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.As president of the ANC and first black president of South Africa (May 1994 - June 1999), Mandela PRESIDED over the transition from minority rule and apartheid, winning international respect.
Mandela GOT married three times. His first marriage to Evelyn Ntoko Mase ended in divorce in 1957 after 13 years, and his 38-year marriage to Winnie Madikizela in divorce in March 1996. On his 80th birthday he married Graça Machel. After his retirement as President in 1999, Mandela REMAINED an advocate for social and human rights organizations. In June, 2004 at age 85, Mandela announced that he would be retiring from public life. His health HAD BECOME declining in recent years and he wanted to enjoy time with his family as long as his health allows it.
A FEW FAMOUS PERSONALITIES
1) Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 Nelson Mandela
2) Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 with Mandela, Frederik Willem de Klerk
3) Nobel Peace Prize in 1984, Bishop Desmond Mpilo Tutu
4) Nobel Prize in literature JM Coetzee
5) Murdered activist, Steve Biko
1) Find in the text the words corresponding to the definitions :
a) (verb) to say in a very low voice : whisper l 10
b) (noun) somewhere to be protected from a danger (or from bad weather) : shelter l 8
c) (verb) look at somebody with the eyes wide open in a fixed gaze : stare l 32
d) (verb or noun) smile : to grin l 33 / a grin l 35
e) (verb) speak in an angry bad-tempered voice : snarl l 40
2) Find in the text the English equivalents of the following words :
a) passer devant qn à toute vitesse : streak past sb l 15
b) tomber à terre : tumble down l 24
c) dans un nuage de poussière : in a cloud of dust l 24
d) chasseurs : hunters l 28
e) peau (du lion) : skin l 37
1) Who is the narrator ?
b) What impact does it have on the reader ?
As the scene is seen through Galant’s eyes, the reader tends to feel closer to him and to side with him.
2) Put these events back in chronological order. Number the sentences from 1 to 13.
8 Nicolaas and Galant celebrate their narrow escape.
13 Nicolaas answers that his father would never believe Galant.
1 A lion is about to attack.
4 Panic-stricken, Nicolaas starts running to a shelter.
6 The lion is hurt but attacks Nicolaas for a second time.
9 The father congratulates his son.
12 Galant tells Nicolaas that he could reveal the truth.
2 The other hunters run to hide.
10 Nicolaas boasts about killing the lion.
3 Nicolaas is unable to take aim at the lion.
11 Nobody dares to contradict Nicolaas.
5 Galant shoots at the lion.
7 The other hunters come to Nicolaas' rescue.
3) From the beginning to line 16, what is Nicolaas' main feeling ?
Justify your answer with your own words. You may illustrate your point by quoting from the text. (40~50 words)
Nicolaas is hunting, that's why he is carrying a gun and he is ready to shoot the lion. However he can't do it. As he tries to aim at the lion, he fails controlling himself and his hands shake with fear : l 11 "his hands are trembling too much". In fact his whole body starts shaking like a leaf. Nicolaas is panic-stricken. He is frightened to death. His legs turn to jelly. He is just not brave enough. As a consequence he 13 takes to his heels : l ~14 : "in sudden panic he throws down the gun, looks round wildly, and starts running towards the overloaded tree".
4) Say whether the following statements are true or false. Justify by quoting from the text.
a) Galant aims at the lion on an impulse.
R l 17 “ a great invisible …about”
b) When Nicolaas claims the victory, Galant is taken aback.
R l 32 “I stare … anything”
c) The father is proud of his son.
R l 35 “he lights …satisfaction”
5) Among the following list of adjectives, tick those that best apply to Nicolaas at the end of the text. Write a paragraph to explain your choice. (about 50~70 words)
hypocritical / ungrateful / scornful / cold-hearted
First of all Nicolaas is hypocritical and ungrateful. Indeed his friend has just saved his life. As he was running away, the lion was chasing him and it would have have caught him up if Galant had not picked the gun up and shot at the lion. This was very dangerous: Galant could have missed the lion!
Fortunately the bullet reached the lion and Nicolaas was saved. At first the two boys are so happy that they hug each other and jump all other the place.
However when the other hunters come, Nicolaas behaves strangely : instead of thanking Gallant for saving his life and praising his courage, he pretends he saved Gallant's life by bravely killing the lion : l 30 "It was a near thing [...] He almost got Gallant. I was just in time." What a big lie! He is far from being honest and grateful to Gallant, which is unbearable !
Secondly Nicolaas is scornful and cold-hearted. When Galant tries to understand his behaviour and urges him to tell the truth, Nicolaas gives him a cold and heartless reply : l 40 : "Why don't you ? [...] You think he'll take a slave's word against mine?" This sentence is illustrative of the way he considers Gallant, whose only fault is to be black. He has no respect for him even though they have been brought up together and they are friends.
6) How important is the passage in the two boys' relationship? (about 50~70 words)
The passage is very important for Gallant. He realizes that Nicolaas, whom he considered as his friend, is in fact just as heartless and nasty as the other white people he knows, as the very last sentence of the passage shows it: l 42 "Now he really is one of them"
This event must be devastating for him. He realizes that black people cannot trust any white man --even when they thought they were friends. He understands that white men discriminate against black men and they are convinced that they are superior to them. One day or another, white men deceive, humiliate, insult the natives, whom they treat as slaves. Besides they never thank them, they never show any gratitude to them.
Gallant must be deeply shocked and disappointed. He must have thought his childhood friend was different because they had known each other so well. He probably thought Nicolaas didn't believe in what was said about black people because he could see that Gallant was just an ordinary boy -- just like him.
After that event, how can he trust anyone?
NB : Les réponses proposées ne respectent ABSOLUMENT pas les consignes du bac : je les développe volontairement pour proposer du vocabulaire !